CTC tea is a process of making tea into black tea in a Factory generally located in Tea Gardens. CTC – crush, tear, curl often known as cut, tear, curl in the process plucked tea leaves goes through rituals of cylindrical rollers.
The rollers equipped with infinitive sharp edge teeth it crushes, tear, and curl the leaves. This process rolls produce small, hard pellets made of tea. This CTC process is distinguished from much standard tea manufacturing, in this, the tea leaves get the shape of long and small strips. The whole process of making tea in the factory is called CTC tea or Chai.
CTC Tea Full Form
CTC Tea History
British man Sir William McKercher introduced the CTC Tea method, he is the inventor of CTC in the 1930s in the state of Assam in India. In less than 20 years it spread to whole India by 1950s throughout India and Africa.
CTC is the technology behind most black tea manufactured around the world, 80% uses the CTC method. At the end a tea suitable for tea bags is a strong flavour, and quick to infuse.
CTC Tea Benefits
Well being Advantages of CTC Leaves
Prevents Coronary heart Ailments – Analysis has confirmed that consumption of CTC black tea lowers the danger of coronary heart illnesses. The antioxidants out there within the tea prevents the oxidation of ldl cholesterol.
Helps in Weight Loss – CTC tea helps in blocking fats absorption within the cells which helps in weight reduction. It reduces physique fats and helps in shedding weight. It is strongly recommended for individuals who have gained somewhat weight or are overweight.
Boosts Digestion and Immune System – CTC tea is a favourite drink amongst many individuals to have after heavy meals. It’s stated that the tea helps for digestion and likewise helps in abdomen cramps. CTC additionally holds substances that assist in immunity boosting.
Helps Combat Most cancers – Common use of CTC tea may help in prevention of most cancers. CTC tea leaves have antioxidants which kill most cancers inflicting cells with out damaging the encircling cells.
Provides Extra Vitality – CTC tea is very thought-about as refreshment and power drink as it’s identified to provide extra power because it incorporates excessive vary of caffeine.
Disadvantages of CTC Method
The inheritance nature of breaking, tearing and crushing, gets homogenize the taste and aroma of the black tea. As soon as the tea is torn and crushed, the immense pressure reacts to the tea to organically break down tea cells. This broken tea cell fully oxidized now causes the tea to taste hard and strong, but lose its subtlety.
CTC teas are blended in their dry form to create flavour, it can be blended -mixed with multiple inexpensive teas, this makes difficult to identify the original variety of tea leaves used in the blended tea.
Effectively, whole and broken leaf teas are much difficult to mix with inexpensive teas. If the tea beginning of the CTC process is high quality, the resulting product of CTC tea product will also be good and equivalent quality.
Drinking CTC Tea
The CTC processed makes CTC tea have a regular flavour protocol within the different batch. A popular type of CTC tea is Dooars Tea and Assam tea, a well-known Morning black tea. Dooars Tea and Assam tea usually spikes as a deep ruby red colour with a rich, highly bitter flavour. Many Popular black tea blends lists:
- English Breakfast TEA,
- Irish Breakfast Tea, and
- Afternoon Tea.
Assam tea is the real tea black tea that is used in Masala Tea chai recipes. Spice Tea or Masala chai is made with milk, black tea, and spices.
CTC Tea Grades
|CTC Broken Leaf||FP||Flowery Pekoe||As per annexure to the letter dated 20th January 2011 from the Tea Board|
|CTC Broken Leaf||BPS||Broken Pekoe Souchong||As per annexure to the letter dated 20th January 2011 from the Tea Board|
|CTC Broken Leaf||PEKOE||Pekoe||As per annexure to the letter dated 20th January 2011 from the Tea Board|
|CTC Broken Leaf||BOPL||Broken Orange Pekoe Large||As per annexure to the letter dated 20th January 2011 from the Tea Board|
|CTC Broken Leaf||BOP||As per annexure to the letter dated 20th January 2011 from the Tea Board|
|CTC Broken Leaf||BOPsm||As per annexure to the letter dated 20th January 2011 from the Tea Board|
|CTC Broken Leaf||BP||Broken Pekoe||As per annexure to the letter dated 20th January 2011 from the Tea Board|
|CTC Broken Leaf||BPsm||Broken Pekoe Small||As per annexure to the letter dated 20th January 2011 from the Tea Board|
|CTC Fanning||1. OF||Broken Orange Pekoe Fannings||As per annexure to the letter dated 20th January 2011 from the Tea Board|
|CTC Fanning||2. PF||Orange Fannings||As per annexure to the letter dated 20th January 2011 from the Tea Board|
|CTC Fanning||3. BOPF||Pekoe Fannings||As per annexure to the letter dated 20th January 2011 from the Tea Board|
|CTC Dust||1. PD||Pekoe Dust||As per annexure to the letter dated 20th January 2011 from the Tea Board|
|CTC Dust||2. D||Dust||As per annexure to the letter dated 20th January 2011 from the Tea Board|
|CTC Dust||3. CD||Churamani Dust||As per annexure to the letter dated 20th January 2011 from the Tea Board|
|CTC Dust||5. GD||Golden Pekoe||As per annexure to the letter dated 20th January 2011 from the Tea Board|
|CTC Dust||6. SRD||Super Red Dust||As per annexure to the letter dated 20th January 2011 from the Tea Board|
|CTC Dust||7. FD||Fine Dust||As per annexure to the letter dated 20th January 2011 from the Tea Board|
|CTC Dust||8. SFD||Super Fine Dust||As per annexure to the letter dated 20th January 2011 from the Tea Board|
Caffeine CTC Tea
Most black tea varieties are consisting of The CTC method. Black tea is rich in caffeine levels per cup, it can be between 50 to 90 mg of caffeine serve. The factors that determine the caffeine levels in tea:
- The temperature of the water,
- The actual tea leaves and
- Brewing times.
Low caffeine tea is masala chai tea as compared to Assam tea. Masala chai is made with milk and spice.
Buy CTC Tea at Lelow Online at Low Prices
CTC teas can be easily procured grocery store or ordered online, you can buy it at Lelow. Most black teas are CTC Tea. In case you want to read and know about a tea’s species, origin and manufacturing details, you should visit an exclusive tea shop or Buy online.
Main Difference, Distinction and features between CTC & Darjeeling Leaf Tea
CTC Tea Full Form
Crush, tear, curl (CTC) is a technique of processing black tea through which the leaves are handed by a sequence of cylindrical rollers with lots of sharp teeth that crush, tear, and curl the tea into small, arduous pellets.
This tea is generally consumed by including milk and sugar. This tea is generally made within the plain areas of Assam and West Bengal in North India and in South India.
Darjeeling Tea refers back to the teas which are grown within the hilly areas of Darjeeling District. The plain areas of Darjeeling district proceed to make CTC teas.
These teas are principally made by machines the place the processing could be very minimal preserving a lot of the traits of the plucked leaf. Generally, the teas are even hand-rolled and generally simply dried. These teas are typically entire leaf teas that are principally consumed in their pure kind without including milk and sugar.
There are some factors which can clear your doubts and can allow you to differentiate between each the teas:
Local weather – In plains, the tea bushes get mean sunshine of around 12 hours a day which makes it conducive for progress. Nonetheless, in Darjeeling, the bushes on a mean obtain sunshine for under 5 hours a day additionally the temperatures are a lot decrease. These lead to what we name stunted progress and improvement of distinctive flavours.
Plucking – To supply the best Darjeeling teas, high quality of plucking could be very nice. Due to stunted progress, the scale of the leaf can be very small. Employees select the very best leaves and pluck them. Many of the good Darjeeling teas are produced from two leaves and a bud alone. However, to provide CTC nice plucking isn’t required. The leaf sizes in CTC are additionally very giant because the circumstances are conducive to progress.
Whereas plucking the leaves in Darjeeling, employees have to be very cautious in regards to the dimension of the leaf. The smaller the leaves, the higher it tastes. However, CTC employees don’t have to trouble in regards to the leaf dimension.
Time of plucking – In Darjeeling plucking of tea leaves typically begins from March and ends in November. For very excessive elevation bushes, it begins in April and ends in October. Whereas, plucking for CTC in North India is completed proper from February to December.
Taste –Darjeeling teas are recognized to have what we name Muscatel taste. The tastes are very fruity and generally flowery with a really pleasing character and a pleasant and lingering aftertaste. There is no such thing as a want so as to add milk and sugar to the higher and effectively made Darjeeling Teas. CTC alternatively have very robust and brisk character and may solely be loved after milk and sugar.
Manufacturing – The tea estates of plains produces as much as 3,000 Kilograms of CTC per hectare. The tea estates of Darjeeling produce as much as 450 Kilograms of Darjeeling teas per hectare. Tea Estates each in Darjeeling and Dooars require 1 labour per acre. Because the tea made output per employee is far much less in Darjeeling it makes the tea costlier.
Grades – CTC teas are typically graded in three classes, Leaf Fanning, and Mud. The leaf grade or the bolder CTC are graded in BOPL, BOPSM and BP. The fanning is generally graded in BPSM, PF and OF. The Mud grades are PD and Mud. The value distinction between the completely different grades will not be a lot and BP and OF are inclined to command the best costs.
In Darjeeling, there are 4 principal grades. Leaf, Damaged, Fanning and Mud. The Leaf grades are principally marked FTGFOP1 with acronyms like Marvel, Muscatel, Particular, Basic, Autumn added to the particular teas or some seasonal teas.
The Broken are BPS and, BOP. The fanning is TGOF, GOF and OF. The Mud is solely marked as Mud. The premium costs are solely fetched for the Leaf Grade. The other grades don’t fetch a premium and are principally packed for packing in tea luggage.
An additional unusual leaf grade might fetch a worth something from Rs. 3000 to Rs. 8000 on the wholesale market. The opposite grades typically are bought within the area of 500 to 100 relying on high quality. Within the rains, the damaged and fannings promote virtually on the similar worth of CTC Teas.
Because the different grades don’t command a premium the costs of leaf grade are actually on an upward development as they should cowl a lot of the prices.
Demystifying grade names in Darjeeling
Have you ever come throughout the title Orange Pekoe on the tea tin ? What does PEKOE imply ?
Should you Google it, there could also be varied solutions. The very fact is Pekoe is a time period generally used amongst tea growers and tea merchants to explain younger leaf shoots bearing white down (high quality hair).
As a producer the expertise that we have now had is that the youthful the pluck, the higher the tea if all the opposite elements like climate and cultivar are saved fixed.
Why is Orange used with it?
Although we’re unable to search out any documentation as proof, however the time period Orange refers back to the Home of Orange-Nassau, the monarch household of the Netherlands since mid-sixteenth century.
They had been the one most vital importer and wholesaler of tea all through the 18th century and a pioneer in producing their very own tea adopted by the Russian and the British. Merchants of Netherlands understood the necessity for a labelling system they usually had put their signature on it.
How is Orange Pekoe utilized in Darjeeling?
Orange pekoe is the grade title for black tea. The idea of this grading system is essentially primarily based on leaf look. Listed here are among the mostly used grade names within the commerce utilized in our Tea Estates and in Darjeeling in Normal.
Golden Orange Fanning (GOF) or Tippy Golden Orange fanning (TGOF) is used for tea luggage.
Damaged Orange Pekoe (BOP) or Tippy Golden Damaged Orange fanning (TGBOP) is used for teas that are blended.
Most interesting Tippy Golden Flowery Orange Pekoe (FTGFOP) is used for unfastened leaf.
Complete leaf teas are given a particular title right here. For instance – Marvel Tea, Pink Thunder, Spring Blossom, and so forth.
Rohini Tea Estate – the Youngest Tea Property of Darjeeling has produced the First complete leaf tea of the season “Spring Blossom White”. This First Flush Tea is produced from tea leaves grown on the peaks of Darjeeling.
The dry leaves are vivid inexperienced in look and include finely plucked complete leaf with unbroken silver suggestions. The dry leaf offers you a tantalizing candy aroma. The cup may be very fruity and mellow having contemporary taste.
The flavour is full and it leaves behind a really nice and distinct aftertaste. The tea has no astringency. It’s produced in a restricted amount and will probably be loved by anybody who relishes tea.
Assam Orthodox and Assam CTC teas are the 2 well-liked forms of blends in Indian beverage market. Now, there are a number of variations between these two forms of tea. Have you learnt them? Their methodology of processing primarily distinguishes one selection from one other. These two manufacturing types are very a lot well-liked in Indian tea market.
Allow us to now take a look at the variations between these two forms of teas…
Distinguishing between Orthodox Teas and CTC Blends
What are they?
You must first know what these two are or what they consult with. Orthodox blends are free leaf teas produced in conventional methodology and therefore, the identify orthodoxly. CTC teas, alternatively, are the strategy of processing black teas by the use of an extra superior methodology than orthodox ones.
Why are they produced?
Subsequent, let’s discover the intention of manufacturing these two forms of Assam teas. Orthodox teas are produced to protect the singular virtues of tea leaves and CTC teas are produced to supply tea lovers with a high-quality beverage at a sooner charge. In truth, they’re quick manufacturing of homogenized tea. Thus, the second selection can simply meet the rising demand of the market.
What are the manufacturing methodologies?
Orthodox teas are harvested in a standard methodology and therefore, their manufacturing is time-consuming and wishes immense manpower. These blends are processed by hand to get the entire leaves. The method contains
Withering rolling of the withered leaves to acquire chemical compounds
oxidation to get the reddish-brown colouration of the leaves
firing for getting the ultimate dried Orthodox tea leaves
The entire course of manufacturing Orthodox teas is taken care of by an educated skilled to ensure that the most effective flavours are extracted from the leaves.
Quite the opposite, CTC teas are produced in a standard methodology and subsequently, take a lot much less time for manufacturing. It’s a quick mode of manufacturing tea of constant high quality. On this course, tea leaves move by way of cylindrical rollers with serrated blades that crush, tear and curl the leaves and procure the granules of CTC black tea.
What sort of taste profile they’ve?
As in comparison with CTC blends, Orthodox teas produce extra genuine tea expertise. Orthodox blends of all kinds – oolong, white, inexperienced or black – have a fragile taste. CTC teas have a generic style and produce darkish, sturdy liquor that has a definite astringent taste. If you wish to have masala chai or need to add milk to tea, then CTC is the most effective.
What’s their price ticket?
Since Orthodox teas give a genuine taste, they’re extremely prized within the beverage market throughout the globe. CTC teas do give the best taste however they’re much reasonably priced.
Due to this fact, these are the fundamental variations between Orthodox and CTC teas.